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Multi-Agent 2D Examples

Multi-Agent 2D Example 3 (requires iGeo version 7.5.1 or higher)

The example code below defines an agent to draw constantly curving arc shape and occasionally create a new branch. The agent direction dir is bent left and/or right depending on the probability percentages pctL and pctR. Those percentages of the left and the right are stochastically swapped changing the major direction to bend. Because given initial percentages are a large percentage (99%)and a small percentage (1.5%), the agent draw an arc shape for a while and then change the bending direction or create a branch.

```import processing.opengl.*;
import igeo.*;

void setup() {
size(480, 360, IG.GL);
IG.duration(700);
// left 99.0%, right 1.5%
new LineAgent(IG.v(0,0,0), IG.v(2,0,0), 99.0, 1.5).clr(0);
}

static class LineAgent extends IAgent{
IVec pos;
IVec dir;
double pctL, pctR;

LineAgent(IVec pt, IVec dir, double pctL, double pctR) {
pos = pt;
this.dir = dir;
this.pctL = pctL;
this.pctR = pctR;
}

public void update() {
if(time()==0){
//putting line geometry
new ICurve(pos, pos2).clr(clr());

double r = red() + IRand.get(-0.05, 0.05);
double g = green() + IRand.get(-0.05, 0.05);
double b = blue() + IRand.get(-0.05, 0.05);

if(IRand.pct(3.0)){ //swap L/R percent
double tmp = pctL;
pctL = pctR;
pctR = tmp;
}

if (IRand.pct(pctL)) { //bend left
IVec dir2 = dir.dup();
dir2.rot(PI/30);
new LineAgent(pos2, dir2, pctL, pctR).clr(r,g,b);
}

if (IRand.pct(pctR)) { //bend right
IVec dir2 = dir.dup();
dir2.rot(-PI/30);
new LineAgent(pos2, dir2, pctL, pctR).clr(r,g,b);
}
del();
}
}
}
```

The next code adds interact() method to the previous code to detect collision of line agents. A line agent stops when it collides into other existing agents. Then the algorithm to swap left and right probability is also changed to swap them only when an agent creates a new branch.

```import processing.opengl.*;
import igeo.*;

void setup() {
size(480, 360, IG.GL);
IG.duration(350);
// left 99.0%, right 7.0%
new LineAgent(IG.v(0,0,0), IG.v(2,0,0), 99.0, 7.0).clr(0);
}

static class LineAgent extends IAgent{
IVec pos;
IVec dir;
double pctL, pctR;
boolean isColliding=false;

LineAgent(IVec pt, IVec dir, double pctL, double pctR) {
pos = pt;
this.dir = dir;
this.pctL = pctL;
this.pctR = pctR;
}

public void interact(ArrayList agents){
if(time()==0){
for(int i=0; i < agents.size() && !isColliding ; i++){
if(agents.get(i) instanceof LineAgent){
LineAgent a = (LineAgent)agents.get(i);
if(a != this){
if(a.pos.dist(pos.cp(dir)) < dir.len()*0.999){
isColliding=true;
}
}
}
}
}
}

public void update() {
if(time()==0){
if(isColliding){ del(); return; }
//putting line geometry
new ICurve(pos, pos2).clr(clr());

double r = red() + IRand.get(-0.05, 0.05);
double g = green() + IRand.get(-0.05, 0.05);
double b = blue() + IRand.get(-0.05, 0.05);

boolean branchL = IRand.pct(pctL); //boolean switch L
boolean branchR = IRand.pct(pctR); //boolean switch R

if (branchL) { //bend left
IVec dir2 = dir.dup();
dir2.rot(PI/30);
if(branchR && pctR > pctL){//swap L/R% when branching both
new LineAgent(pos2, dir2, pctR, pctL).clr(r,g,b);
}
else{
new LineAgent(pos2, dir2, pctL, pctR).clr(r,g,b);
}
}

if (branchR) { //bend right
IVec dir2 = dir.dup();
dir2.rot(-PI/30);
if(branchL && pctR < pctL){//swap L/R% when branching both
new LineAgent(pos2, dir2, pctR, pctL).clr(r,g,b);
}
else{
new LineAgent(pos2, dir2, pctL, pctR).clr(r,g,b);
}
}
}
}
}
```

The code below changes the length of agent's line at every update. The lengths of all agents are slightly scaled down constantly, creating swirling curves. On top of it, the length is scaled up or down stochastically, only when the agent is creating a branch. In intersect() method, the collision detection algorithm is changed. It's using the method of
IVec.intersectLine(IVec line1Pt1, IVec line1Pt2, IVec line2Pt1, IVec line2Pt2) to calculate intersection of two line segments because the previous algorithm of collision detection wouldn't work when there are different lengths of lines.

```import processing.opengl.*;
import igeo.*;

void setup() {
size(480, 360, IG.GL);
IG.duration(400);
// left 100%, right 4.5%
new LineAgent(IG.v(0,0,0), IG.v(2,0,0), 100.0, 4.5).clr(0);
}

static class LineAgent extends IAgent{
IVec pos;
IVec dir;
double pctL, pctR;
boolean isColliding=false;

LineAgent(IVec pt, IVec dir, double pctL, double pctR) {
pos = pt;
this.dir = dir;
this.pctL = pctL;
this.pctR = pctR;
}

public void interact(ArrayList agents){
if(time()==0){
for(int i=0; i < agents.size() && !isColliding ; i++){
if(agents.get(i) instanceof LineAgent){
LineAgent a = (LineAgent)agents.get(i);
if(a != this){
IVec pos2 = pos.cp(dir);
IVec apos2 = a.pos.cp(a.dir);
if(!apos2.eq(pos) && !a.pos.eq(pos) && //not sharing root
IVec.intersectLine(a.pos,apos2,pos,pos2)!=null){ //intersecting
isColliding=true;
}
}
}
}
}
}

public void update() {
if(time()==0){
if(isColliding){ del(); return; }

new ICurve(pos, pos2).clr(clr());

double r = red() + IRand.get(-0.05, 0.05);
double g = green() + IRand.get(-0.05, 0.05);
double b = blue() + IRand.get(-0.05, 0.05);

boolean branchL = IRand.pct(pctL);
boolean branchR = IRand.pct(pctR);

double lenL = dir.len();
double lenR = dir.len();
lenL*=0.995; //shrinking length
lenR*=0.995; //shrinking length

if (branchL && branchR) { //only when branching both
if(IRand.pct(50.0)){
if (pctL < pctR) { lenL *= 0.9; }
else{ lenR *= 0.9; }
}
else if(IRand.pct(6.0)){
if (pctL < pctR) { lenL *= 0.4; }
else{ lenR *= 0.4; }
}
else if(IRand.pct(5.0)){
if (pctL < pctR) { lenL *= 4.0; }
else{ lenR *= 4.0; }
}
}

if (branchL) { //bend left
IVec dir2 = dir.dup();
dir2.len(lenL); //update length
dir2.rot(PI/30);

if(branchR && pctR > pctL){//swap L/R% when branching both
new LineAgent(pos2, dir2, pctR, pctL).clr(r,g,b);
}
else{
new LineAgent(pos2, dir2, pctL, pctR).clr(r,g,b);
}
}

if (branchR) { //bend right
IVec dir2 = dir.dup();
dir2.len(lenR); //update length
dir2.rot(-PI/30);

if(branchL && pctR < pctL){//swap L/R% when branching both
new LineAgent(pos2, dir2, pctR, pctL).clr(r,g,b);
}
else{
new LineAgent(pos2, dir2, pctL, pctR).clr(r,g,b);
}
}
}
}
}
```

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